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Questions about your heart condition? Here you can learn more about the symptoms, causes, risk factors and treatments for the most common cardiac conditions. Be sure to talk to your doctor about any heart issues you may be having, and always call 911 if you think you are experiencing an emergency.

Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection

A bulging or tearing in the aorta

Aortic Regurgitation

An aortic valve that doesn’t close tightly

Aortic Stenosis

A narrowing and hardening of the aortic valve


An abnormal heart rate or rhythm


Fatty deposits that harden and narrow arteries

Athlete’s Heart

Normal changes of the heart with exercise

Atrial Fibrillation

A common, irregular, often rapid heartbeat that can lead to stroke

Atrial Flutter

Abnormal heart rhythm associated with fast heart rate and stroke

Atrial Septal Defect

A hole in the wall that separates the top chambers of the heart

Bicuspid Aortic Valve

A congenital defect of the aortic valve


A slow heart rhythm

Brugada Syndrome

An uncommon, but potentially fatal heart rhythm disorder

Bundle Branch Block

A blockage along your heart’s electrical pathway

Cancer and Heart Disease

Protecting your heart while fighting cancer

Cardiac Amyloidosis

A disorder caused by abnormal protein buildup in the heart

Cardiac Arrest

The sudden, unexpected loss of heart function

Cardiogenic Shock

The sudden inability of the heart to pump blood adequately


A disease of the heart muscle

Carotid Artery Stenosis

A build-up of plaque within the carotid arteries

Chronic Kidney Disease & Cardiovascular Disease

Two interrelated conditions affecting your heart

Chronic Venous Insufficiency (Varicose Veins)

An improper functioning of the vein valves in the leg

Congenital Heart Disease

A structural heart defect present at birth

Congestive Heart Failure

The inability of your heart to sufficiently transfer blood through your body

Coronary Artery Disease

Narrowing and hardening of the heart's blood vessels

Deep Vein Thrombosis

A blood clot in the deep veins, usually in the leg


A harmful buildup of sugar in your bloodstream


Abnormally high lipid (cholesterol) levels


An infection of your heart

Heart Block

A delay or impairment of your heart’s electrical system


High blood pressure


Low Blood Pressure

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

A thickening of the main pumping chamber of your heart

Long QT Syndrome

A disorder of the heart’s electrical system

Metabolic Syndrome

A group of diseases that dramatically increase the risk for cardiovascular disease

Mitral Regurgitation

A disease in which the mitral valve does not close properly

Mitral Stenosis

A narrowing of the heart’s mitral valve

Mitral Valve Prolapse

When abnormal leaflets of the mitral valve do not close properly


An inflammation of the heart muscle


A common debilitating, but preventable, disease

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

A serious disorder in which breathing stops for brief periods of time during sleep

Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO)

A common, small communication between the top chambers of the heart

Pericardial Effusion and Cardiac Tamponade

The abnormal buildup of excess fluid around the heart

Pericarditis and Myopericarditis

Inflammation around and within the heart muscle

Peripheral Artery Disease

Decreased circulation of blood to your extremities

Premature Ventricular Contractions

An early heartbeat that disrupts the heart’s rhythm

Preoperative Cardiovascular Risk

The risk of a cardiac event before, during or after surgery

Pulmonary Embolism

The sudden blockage of a lung artery

Right-side heart failure (cor pulmonale)

When the right side of the heart cannot pump efficiently

Sick Sinus Syndrome

A group of heart rhythm problems caused by the sinus node

Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack (Mini-stroke)

Irreversible or transient neurologic deficits


A fast heart rate

Tricuspid Regurgitation

A disorder in which the tricuspid valve does not close properly

Vasovagal Syncope

A sudden drop in heart rate and blood pressure leading to unconsciousness

Ventricular Septal Defect

A hole in the wall that separates the bottom chambers of the heart

Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome

A rapid heartbeat caused by an extra electrical pathway

Women & Heart Disease

Understanding the unique symptoms and risk factors